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Posts for tag: Bunions

By Family Foot Care
July 02, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions  

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is described as a bump on the side of the big toe. The bump actually reflects a change in the bony framework of the front part of the foot. The big toe leans toward the second toe, rather than pointing straight. This throws the bones out of alignment, creating the bunion’s bump. Bunions are a progressive disorder and will usually get worse over time.

What causes a Bunion?

Bunions are most often caused by an inherited faulty mechanical structure of the foot. It is not the bunion itself that is inherited but certain foot types that make a person prone to developing a bunion. Wearing shoes with a narrow toe box will sometimes make the deformity get progressive worse

What are symptoms of a Bunion?

Symptoms at the site of the bunion include pain or soreness, inflammation and redness, skin irritation, a burning sensation at the bunion site and possible numbness,

What are surgical treatments for a Bunion?

The surgical techniques below may be a choice to correct a bunion deformity.

Head Chevron osteotomy:

The first metatarsal bone is cut. Its head is moved closer to the second metatarsal bone. A screw or pin can be used to hold the first metatarsal bone in position. The bony bump is also removed. To protect your foot, a surgical shoe or boot is worn for a few weeks.

Base Osteotomy:

With this procedure, a wedge of bone is removed from the first metatarsal bone, farther back than in the head chevron osteotomy. The bony bump is also removed. To heal correctly, your foot may be placed in the cast or cast boot. You may be asked not to bear weight on the surgery foot for a few weeks.

Fusion or removal of part of the joint: 

This is typically done if there is arthritis that has damaged the joint itself.

 

By Family Foot Care
March 06, 2015
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Bunions   Foot pain  

BunionsA bunion is an abnormal, bony prominence that develops on the joint at the base of your big toe. As the big toe joint becomes enlarged, it forces the toe to crowd against your other toes, and the pressure exerted on your big toe joint results in inflammation and pain. Early treatment is necessary to decrease the risk of developing joint deformities.

Bunions develop due to prolonged abnormal pressure or motion on your big toe joint, most often caused by inherited structural defects, poor-fitting shoes, foot injuries, or congenital deformities. Women are generally more prone to bunions because of the shoe types typically worn, such as high-heels and narrow-toed shoes.

Bunion pain can range from mild to severe, often making it difficult to wear shoes and perform normal activities. You should contact our Joshua office if you notice the following symptoms:

  • An enlarged, visible bulge on your big toe joint
  • Restricted movement of your big toe or foot that prevents you from performing normal activities
  • Irritation, corns or calluses caused by the overlap of the first and second toes
  • Frequent pain, swelling or redness around your big toe joint

Treatment for a bunion will vary depending on its severity. Identifying the condition in its early stages is important to avoid surgery, with the main objective of early treatment being to relieve pressure and stop the progression of the deformity. Many times conservative treatments, such as padding, modified footwear or orthotic devices can be highly effective for preventing further growth and reducing the pressure and pain.

Joshua Location recommends the following for reducing pressure and pain caused by bunions:

  • Wear comfortable shoes that don't cramp or irritate your toes and avoid high-heeled shoes
  • Apply ice to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Our podiatrists can show you how to apply padding to your foot to place it in its normal position and reduce stress on the bunion

When early treatments fail or the persistent pain associated with your bunion is interfering with your daily activities, a surgical procedure may be recommended as a last resort to realign the toe joint and alleviate the pressure. Dr. Adams can advise you on the best treatment options available to relieve pressure on the bunion and slow the progression of the joint deformity.